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Tent Regulations
107.2 Temporary Membrane Structures and Tents
An OPERATIONAL PERMIT is required to operate an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent.

  1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
  2. Tents and air-supported structures that cover an area of 900 square feet (84 m2) or less, including all connecting areas or spaces with a common means of egress or entrance and with an occupant load of 50 or less persons.

3103.5 Use period
Temporary tents and air-supported, air-inflated or tensioned membrane structures shall not be erected for a period of more than 180 days within a 12-month period on a single premise.

3103.8.2 Location
Tents or membrane structures shall not be located within 20 Feet (6096 mm) of lot lines, buildings, other tents or membrane structures, parked vehicles or internal combustion engines. For the purpose of determining required distances, support ropes and guy wires shall be considered as part of the temporary membrane structure, tent or canopy.

  1. Separation distance between membrane structures, tents not used for cooking is not required when the aggregate floor area does not exceed 15,000 square feet (1394 m2).
  2. Membrane structures or tents need not be separated from buildings when all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The aggregate floor area of the membrane structure or tent shall not exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m2).
    2. The aggregate floor area of the building and membrane structure or tent shall not exceed the allowable floor area including increases as indicated in the International Building Code.
    3. Required means of egress provisions are provided for both the building and the membrane structure or tent, including travel distances.
    4. Fire apparatus access roads are provided in accordance with Section 503.

3103.9 Anchorage required
Tents or membrane structures and their appurtenances shall be adequately roped, braced and anchored to withstand the elements of weather and prevent against collapsing. Documentation of structural stability shall be furnished to the fire code official on request.

3103.10.3 Blowers
An air-supported structure used as a place of assembly shall be furnished with not less than two blowers, each of which has adequate capacity to maintain full inflation pressure with normal leakage. The design of the blower shall be so as to provide integral limiting pressure at the design pressure specified by the manufacturer.

3103.12.1 Distribution
Exits shall be spaced at approximately equal intervals around the perimeter of the tent or membrane structure, and shall be located such that all points are 100Feet (30480 mm) or less from an exit.

3103.12.6 Exit signs
Exits shall be clearly marked. Exit signs shall be installed at required exit doorways and where otherwise necessary to indicate clearly the direction of egress when the exit serves an occupant load of 50 or more.

3103.12.6.1 Exit sign illumination
Exit signs shall be of an approved self-luminous type or shall be internally or externally illuminated by luminaries supplied in the following manner:

  1. Two separate circuits, one of which shall be separate from all other circuits, for occupant loads of 300 or less; or
  2. Two separate sources of power, one of which shall be an approved emergency system, shall be provided when the occupant load exceeds 300. Emergency systems shall be supplied from storage batteries or from the on-site generator set and the system shall be installed in accordance with the ICC Electrical Code.

3103.12.7 Means of egress illumination
Means of egress shall be illuminated with light having an intensity of not less than 1 Foot-candle (11lux) at floor level while the structure is occupied. Fixtures required for means of egress illumination shall be supplied from a separate circuit or source of power.

3104.2 Flame propagation performance treatment
Before a permit is granted, the owner or agent shall file with the fire code official a certificate executed by an approved testing laboratory certifying that the tents and membrane structures and their appurtenances, sidewalls, drops and tarpaulins, floor coverings, bunting and combustible decorative materials and effects, including sawdust when used on floors or passageways, shall be composed of material meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 or shall be treated with a flame retardant in an approved manner and meet the flame propagation performance criteria of the NFPA 701, and that such flame propagation performance criteria are effective for the period specified by the permit.

3104.3 Label
Membrane structures or tents or shall have a permanently affixed label bearing the identification of size and fabric or material type.

3104.5 Combustible materials
Hay, straw, shavings or similar combustible materials shall not be located within any tent or membrane structure containing an assembly occupancy, except the materials necessary for the daily feeding and care of animals. Sawdust and shavings utilized for a public performance or exhibit shall not be prohibited provided the sawdust and shavings are kept damp. Combustible materials shall not be permitted under stands or seats at any time. The areas within and adjacent to the tent or air-supported structure, shall be maintained clear of all combustible materials or vegetation that could create a fire hazard within 20 Feet (6096 mm) of the structure. Combustible trash shall be removed at least once a day from the structure during the period the structure is occupied by the public.

3104.6 Smoking
Smoking shall not be permitted in tents or membrane structures. Approved “No Smoking” signs shall be conspicuously posted in accordance with Section 310.

3104.7 Open or exposed flame
Open flame or other devices emitting flame, fire or heat or any flammable or combustible liquids, gas, charcoal or other cooking device or any other unapproved devices shall not be permitted inside or located within 20 Feet (6096 mm) of the tent or membrane structures while open to the public unless approved by the fire code official.

3104.11 Clearance
There shall be a minimum clearance of at least 3 Feet (914 mm) between the fabric envelope and all contents located inside the tent or membrane structure.

3104.12 Portable Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers shall be provided as required by Section 906.Minimun 3A 40BC.
Must have current inspection tag

3104.15.3 Location
Cooking and heating equipment shall not be located within 10 Feet (3048mm) of exits or combustibles materials.

3104.15.4 Operations
Operations such as warming of foods, cooking demonstrations and similar operations that use solid flammables, butane or other similar devices which do not pose an ignition hazard, shall be approved.

3104.15.5 Cooking Tents
Tents where cooking is performed shall be separated from other tents or membrane structures by a minimum of 20 Feet (6096mm).

3104.16.2 Location of containers
LP-gas containers shall be located outside. Safety release valves shall be pointed away from the tent or membrane structure.

3104.16.2.1 Containers 500 gallons or less
Portable LP-gas containers with a capacity of 500 gallons (1893L) or less shall have a minimum separation between the containers and structure not less than 10 Feet (3048mm). (10 Foot hose required)

3104.16.2.2 Containers more than 500 gallons
Portable LP-gas containers with a capacity of more than 500 gallons (1893L) shall have a minimum separation between the container and structures not less than 25 Feet (7620). (25 Foot hose required)

3104.16.3 Protection and Security
Portable LP-gas containers, piping, valves and fittings which are located outside and are being used to fuel equipment inside a tent or membrane structure shall be adequately protected to prevent tampering, damage by vehicles or other hazards and shall be located in an approved location. Portable LP-gas containers shall be securely fastened in place to prevent unauthorized movement.

3104.19 Separation of generators
Generators and other internal combustion power sources shall be separated from tents and membrane structures by a minimum of 20 Feet (6096mm) and shall be isolated from contact with the public by fencing, enclosure or other approved means. And shall be grounded.

3104.20 Standby personnel
When, in the opinion of the fire code official, it is essential for the public safety in a tent or membrane structure used as a place of assembly or any other use where people congregate, because of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or lessees shall employ one or more qualified persons, as required and approved, to remain on duty during the times such places are open to the public, or when such activity is being conducted

3104.21 Combustible Vegetation
Combustible vegetation shall be removed from the area occupied by a tent or membrane structure, and from areas within 30 Feet (9144mm) of such structures.

3104.22 Combustible Waste Material
The floor surface inside tents or membrane structures and the grounds outside and within a 30 Foot (9144mm) perimeter shall be kept clear of combustible waste. Such waste shall be stored in approved containers until removed from the premises.

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